Research

Learn how cutting edge research is making a difference in your health.

Albert, C.M., et al. Blood levels of long-chain n-3 fatty acids and the risk of sudden death. New Engl. J. Med. 346: 1113-1118, 2002.


Appel, L.J., Miller, E.R 3rd and Seidler, A.J. 1993. Does supplementation of diet with ‘fish oil’ reduce blood pressure? A meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials. Archives of Internal Medicine; 153(12): 1429-1438.


Arslan, G., Brunborg, L.A., Froyland, L., Brun, J.G., Valen, M., and Berstad, A. 2002. Effects of duodenal seal oil administration in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Lipids; 37(10): 935-941.


Baumann, K.H., Hessel, F., Larass, I., Muller, T., Angerer, P., and Kiefl, R. 1999. Dietary ω-3, ω-6 and ω-9 unsaturated fatty acids and growth factor and cytokine gene expression in unstimulated and stimulated monocytes: a randomized volunteer study. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; 19(1): 59-66.


Bays, H.E. 2007. Safety considerations with omega-3 fatty acid therapy. American Journal of Cardiology; 99[Supp-6A];35C-43C.


Bays, H.E. 2006. Clinical overview of Omacor: a concentrated formulation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. American Journal of Cardiology; 98:71S-76S.


Bjorneboe, A., Klenmeyer-Smith, A., Bjorneboe, G.E., Thune, P.O., and Drevon, C.A. 1988. Effect of a dietary supplement with n-3 fatty acids on clinical manifestations of psoriasis. British Journal of Dermatology; 118(1): 77-83.


Bjorneboe, A., Seyland, E., Bjorneboe, G.E., Rajka, G., and Drevon, C.A. 1987. Effect of dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. British Journal of Dermatology; 117(4):463-469.


Calder, P.C. 2006. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation and inflammatory diseases. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 83(S): 1505S-1519S.


Calder, P.C. 2001. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and immunity. Lipids; 36(9): 1007-1024.


Davidson, M.H. 2006. Mechanisms for the hypotriglyceridemic effect of marine omega-3 fatty acids. American Journal of Cardiology; 98: 27S-33S.


De Caterina, R., Liao, J.K., and Libby, P. 2000. Fatty acid modulation of endothelial activation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 71: 213S-223S.


Din, J.N., et al . Omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease – fishing for a natural treatment. Brit. Med. J. 328: 30-35, 2004.


Dolecek, T.A. Epidemiological evidence of relationships between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and mortality in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. PSEBM. 200:177-182, 1992.


Drevon, C.A. 1992. Marine oils and their effects. Nutrition Reviews; 50(4 pt 2):38-45.


EPA [Environmental Protection Agency]. 2006. Polychlorinated biphenyls [PCBs]. Accessed: September 3, 2010. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/tsd/pcbs/index.html


FDA [Food and Drug Administration]. 1997. Substances affirmed as Generally Recognized As Safe: Menhaden oil. Accessed on: September 3, 2010. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/OHRMS/DOCKETS/98fr/05-5641.html


Fischer, S. and Weber, P.C. 1984. Prostaglandin I3 is formed in vivo after dietary eicosapentaenoic acid. Nature; 307(12): 165-168.


Foran, J.A., Good, D.H., Carpenter, D.O., Hamilton, M.C., Knuth, B.A., and Schwager, S.J. 2005. Quantitative analysis of the benefits and risks of consuming farmed and wild salmon. Journal of Nutrition; 135(11):2639-2643.


Foran, S.E., Flood, J.G., and Lewandrowski, K.B. 2003. Measurement of mercury levels in concentrated over-the-counter fish oil preparations: is fish oil healthier than fish? Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine; 127(12): 1603-1605.


Fox, P.L. and DiCorleto, P.E. 1988. Fish oils inhibit endothelial cell production of platelet-derived growth factor-like protein. Science; 241(4864): 453-456.


GISSI-Prevenzione Investigators. Dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and Vitamin E after myocardial infarction: results of the GISSI-Prevenzione trial. Lancet. 354:447-455, 1999.


Goodfellow, J., Bellamy, M.F., Ramsey, M.W., Jones, C.J., and Lewis, M.J. 2000. Dietary supplementation with marine omega-3 fatty acids improve systemic large artery endothelial function in subjects with hypercholesterolemia. Journal of the American College of Cardiology; 35(2): 265-270.


Harris, W.S. 2007. Expert opinion: Omega-3 fatty acids and bleeding – cause for concern? American Journal of Cardiology; 99(6A): 44C-46C.


Harris, W.S. 1997. n-3 fatty acids and serum lipoproteins in health and disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 65(5 Suppl): 1645S-1654S.


Harris, W.S. 1997. n-3 fatty acids and serum lipoproteins in health and disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 65(5 Suppl): 1645S-1654S.


He, K., et al. Accumulated evidence on fish consumption and coronary heart disease mortality: A meta-analysis of cohort studies. Circulation. 109: 2705-2711, 2004.


He, K., et al. Fish consumption and incidence of stroke: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Stroke. 35: 1538-1542, 2004.


Holub, D. J., and Holub, B. J. Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils and cardiovascular disease. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. 263:217-225, 2004.


Holub, B.J. 2002. Clinical nutrition: 4. Omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular care. Canadian Medical Association Journal; 166(5): 608-615.


Jellin, J.M., Gregory, P., Batz, F., and Hitchens, K. 2000. Pharmacist’s Letter/Prescriber’s Letter Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. 3rd ed. Stockton, CA: Therapeutic Research Faculty; p 972-974.


Jimenez, B., Wright, C., Kelly, M., and Startin, J.R. 1996. Levels of PCDDs, PCDFs and non-ortho PCBs in dietary supplement fish oil obtained in Spain. Chemosphere; 32(3): 461-467.


Kaminski, W.E., Jendraschak, E., Klefl, R. and von Schacky, C. 1993. Dietary omega-3 fatty acids lower levels of platelet-derived growth factor mRNA in human mononuclear cells. Blood; 81(7): 1871-1879.


Karmali, R.A. 1989. n-3 fatty acids and cancer. Journal of Internal Medicine; 731: 197-200.


Krauss, R.M., et al. AHA Dietary Guidelines, Revision 2000: A statement for healthcare professionals from the nutrition committee of the American Heart Association. Circulation. 102: 2284-2299, 2000.


Kris-Etherton, P.M., Harris, W.S., and Appel, L.J; AHA Nutrition Committee. American Heart Association. 2003. Omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease: new recommendations from the American Heart Association. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; 23(2): 151-152.


Kris-Etherton, P.M., Harris, W.S., and Appel, L.J. 2002. Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease. Circulation; 106(21): 2747-2757.


Kris-Etherton, P.M., et al. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the food chain in the United States. AJCN. 71: 179-188, 2000.


Lee, K.W. and Lip, G.Y.H. 2003. The role of omega-3 fatty acids in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. QJM – An International Journal of Medicine; 96:465-480.


Lemaitre, R.N., et al. n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids, fatal ischemic heart disease, and nonfatal myocardial infarction in older adults: the cardiovascular health study. AJCN. 77: 319-325, 2003.


McVeigh, G.E., et al . Fish oil improves arterial compliance in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Arterioscler. Thromb. 14: 1425-1429, 1994.


Mori, T.A. and Woodman, R.J. 2006. The independent effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid on cardiovascular risk factors in humans. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care; 9: 95–104.


Morris, M.C., Sacks, F., and Rosner, B. 1993. Does fish oil lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of controlled trials. Circulation; 88(2): 523-533.


Mozaffarian, D. and Rimm, E.B. 2006. Fish intake, contaminants and human health: Evaluating the risks and benefits. Journal of the American Medical Association; 296(15): 1885-1899.


Nambi, V. and Ballantyne. 2006. Combination therapy with statins and omega-3 fatty acids. American Journal of Cardiology; 98: 34S-38S.


NHPD [Natural Health Products Directorate]. 2009. Monograph – Fish Oil. Accessed on: June 14, 2010. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/prodnatur/applications/licen-prod/monograph/mono_fish_oil_huile_poisson_e.html.


Risher, J.F. 2004. Too much of a good thing [fish]: methylmercury case study. Journal of Environmental Health; 67(1): 9-14.


Robinson, J.G. and Stone, N.J. 2006. Antiatherosclerotic and antithrombotic effects of omega-3 fatty acids. American Journal of Cardiology; 98(4A): 39S-49S.


Simopoulos, 2008. The Importance of the Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio in Cardiovascular Disease and Other Chronic Diseases. Experimental Biology and Medicine; 233(6): 674-688.


Simopoulos, A.P. 1991. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 54(3): 438-463.


Sudheera , S.D. , et al . Prevention of cardiac arrhythmia by dietary (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids and their mechanism of action. J. Nutr. 127: 383-393, 1997.


Storelli, M.M., Storelli, A., and Marcotrigiano, G.O. 2004. Polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene, hexachlorocyclohexane isomers, and pesticide organochlorine residues in cod-liver oil dietary supplements. Journal of Food Protection; 67(8): 1787-1791.


Ulbricht, C.E. and Basch, E.M. 2005. Natural Standard Herb and Supplement Reference. Mosby Inc. Philadelphia (PA).


Vognild, E., Elvevoll, E., Brox, J., Olsen, R.L., Barstad, H., Aursand, M., and Osterud, B. 1998. Effects of dietary marine oils and olive oil on fatty acid composition, platelet membrane fluidity, platelet responses and serum lipids in healthy humans. Lipids; 33(4): 427-436.


WHO [World Health Organization]. 1998. Assessment of the health risk of dioxins: re-evaluation of the Tolerable Daily Intake [TDI]. WHO Consultation, May 25-29, 1998; Geneva, Switzerland.


Yokoyama, M., Origasa, H., Matsuzaki, M., Matsuzawa, Y., Saito, Y., Ishikawa, Y., Oikawa, S., Sasaki, J., Hishida, H., Itakura, H., Kita, T., Kitabatake, A., Nakaya, N., Sakata, T., Shimada, K., Shirato, K., and Japan EPA lipid intervention study [JELIS] Investigators. 2007. Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid on major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients [JELIS]: a randomised open-label, blinded endpoint analysis. Lancet; 369(9567): 1090-1098.


 

Take Charge of Your Future

The Omega-3 Whole Blood Test can be ordered for $155. When you receive the test, simply follow the simple instructions, then mail the kit back. Once the sample is analyzed, your results will be emailed to you, usually within two weeks of receipt.

Order Now